a word from Vocabulary Malagasy
|Word meaning:||to fall (on the ground) by itself|
|Gloss:||mi- 'INTR' + anzèra (aN- ‘LOC’ + zèra ‘throwing/casting down’)|
Developmental stages preceding modern Malagasy:
Proto Austronesian 6000 BC
Proto Malayo-Polynesian 4000-3000 BC
Proto (West) Malayo-Polynesian 2000 BC ?
Proto East Barito 100-300 AD ?
Proto South East Barito 500-600 AD ?
pre-migration before 700 AD
Bantu or Post-Bantu period 800 AD or later ?
pre-Malagasy (before dialect divergence) 900 AD or later ?
Periods of borrowing:
Sumatra Malay, Banjar Malay, Javanese,
South Sulawesi, Sanskrit before 8th century AD
First Bantu influence 8th century (?)
Sumatra Malay between 8th and 16th centuries (very few loanwords)
Swahili, Comorian languages 12th to 20th century?; ongoing in regional areas?
Arabic 12th (?) to 19th century; ongoing in regional areas?
English mostly in 19th century but probably ongoing
French since late 19th century, ongoing